Metacognition/study strategy

A video designed to encourage students to reflect on their own learning.

Metacognition, or the awareness of one's own knowledge, is essential to creating self-regulating students who are able to monitor their own learning. A video designed to teach metacognition should focus on encouraging students to reflect on their own learning process, and provide study strategies for structuring self-regulation. For instance, a video promoting metacognition could:

  • Be a recording of a student's performance with prompts asking them to reflect upon it
  • Teach study strategies such as goal setting, and monitoring performance
  • Help students identify and confront their own misconceptions
  • Engage the student in problem solving.

The aim of a video about metacognition should be to get students to engage with their own thought processes, and begin to ask themselves questions about what they know and what they don't know.


Recording a student while they're practising a skill, and then playing it back to them while asking them to describe what they were doing can be an effective way of encouraging metacognition. For instance, videos such as screencast of a student working through an online task or a recording of a student-teacher running a class could be used to structure reflection and metacognitive thinking.

This page was last updated on 11 Mar 2021.

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